Discuz! Board 首页 资讯 查看内容

资讯

订阅

英语含蓄虚拟条件句用法高频考点

2022-06-12| 来源:互联网| 查看: 317| 评论: 0

摘要: 英语含蓄虚拟条件句用法高频考点含蓄虚拟条件句是指句中没有明显的虚拟条件句,而是利用其他手段来暗示存在......
英语含蓄虚拟条件句用法高频考点
含蓄虚拟条件句是指句中没有明显的虚拟条件句,而是利用其他手段来暗示存在虚拟条件。这类用法主要见于以下七种方式:
(1)将条件隐含在不定式短语中。
I should be happy to go with you. (=I should be happy if I could go with you.)
(2)将条件隐含在分词短语中。
Born in better times, he would have been a scholar. (=If he had been born in better times, he …)
(3)将条件隐含在介词短语中。
Without air, no one could live. (=If there were no air, no one could live.) 
常用的介词或介词短语,如but for, but that, without, in case of, under, under more favorable condition等。
(4)将条件隐含在名词短语中。
A true friend would not have betrayed me.  (=If he had been a true friend, he would…)

(5)将条件隐含在某些连词(如or, or else, otherwise等)中。用法如下:它们后的句子如果说的不是客观事实,它们前边的句子采用陈述语气,后边的句子采用虚拟语气。

新概念英语网课
新概念第三册mp3英音版
新概念英语第二册视频教学

(a)句子(一般现在时)+ or, or else, otherwise + 句子(谓语部分:should\would\could\might等+ 动词原形)
(b)句子(一般过去时)+ or, or else, otherwise + 句子(谓语部分:should\would\could\might等+ have done)
(6)将条件隐含在一定的上下文中。
Don’t bother to read all these papers. It would take too long. 
 (=…If you read all these papers, it would take too long)
常用来表示含蓄虚拟条件的手段连词如:so that, unless, in case, supposing, lest, provided,for fear that, on condition that, if only等。
(注:lest, for fear that和in case引起的从句中谓语动词多用should+动词原形,但可以不用虚拟语气,而用动词的陈述语气形式。)
注意:but后面转折成真实情况的用法
例:I would have bought it yesterday, but I had no money.

题1: “You’ll have to wait for two hours, ______is, at about 11:30, ______ the medical report will come out, ” the doctor said to me.
A. that; when        B. which; that    C. that; which      D. it; whose

题2: That is the small house less than 20 square meters, under ______ roof lives a large family of three generations.
A. which       B. whose     C.  its     D. that    

题3: Many children, _____ parents are away working in big cities,are taken good care of in th e village.   
A. their          B. of them      C. whose        D. with whom

题4: We shouldn’t spent our money testing so many people, most of _______ are healthy.
A. that        B. who      C. what        D. whom

题5: Northern Ireland is filled with talented writers and poets, some of ______ have established themselves within the world of literature.
A. them          B. which C. whom D. these

题1: A
详解:that is是插入语,用来对上文进行解释说明,所以第一个空填that; ______ the medical report will come out是非限制性定语从句, 其现行词为about 11:30,在从句中作时间状语,所以第二空填when。
题2: B
详解:under ______ roof lives a large family of three是定语从句,其先行词为house。House和roof之间是所属关系,故用whose。
题3: C
详解:______ parents are away working in big cities是定语从句,其先行词为children。children与parents之间是所属关系,故用whose。
题4: D
详解:most of _______ are healthy是非限制性定语从句。That不能引导非限制性定语从句,排除A;what不能引导定语从句,排除C;people为先行词,关系词作of的宾语且介词of前置,所以选whom。
题5: C
详解:some of ______ have established themselves within the world of literature是非限制性定语从句,其先行词为talented writers and poets。关系词作介词of的宾语,所以选whom。
分享至 : QQ空间

10 人收藏


鲜花

握手

雷人

路过

鸡蛋

收藏

邀请

上一篇:暂无
已有 0 人参与

会员评论

关于本站/服务条款/广告服务/法律咨询/求职招聘/公益事业/客服中心
Copyright ◎2015-2020 单县信息社版权所有 ALL Rights Reserved.
Powered by 单县信息社 X1.0